Cosmology is the study of the Universe in its totality, and by extension, humanity's place in it, including physical, metaphysical, and religious speculations and studies.
Physics and astrophysics have come to play a central role in shaping what is now known as physical cosmology, i.e. the understanding of the Universe through scientific observation, experiments, and theorizing.
Metaphysical cosmology seeks to draw logical conclusions about the nature of the Universe, man and God based on the extension of some set of presumedfacts derived from religion and/or observation.
Religious cosmology includes faith-based beliefs and mythologies concerning the origin and nature of the Universe, man and reality as created and governed by God or other deities. [Wikipedia]
Ideas to Explore
|Science and Belief||
A physicist's perspective on science, reason, belief and human values
|Theological Implications of Connectivity||
Ervin Lazlo considers the role of
the Devine in a theory of everything
|Big Bang Theory||
the current, dominant physical cosmology
|Problems with Big Bang Theory||
The epicyclic character of the [Big Bang] theory, piling
ad-hoc hypothesis upon hypothesis, its incompleteness and the
appearance of a singularity in the big bang universe beginning
require consideration of alternatives. This has become
particularly necessary with the increasing number of
observations that contradict the theory's predictions. Big Bang
cosmology has been in a crisis since the early 90's when the
Cold Dark Matter model began to fail. Fifteen years later, this
crisis has worsened, despite the addition of dark energy.
Observations fail to show the dramatic differences between the
high-redshift and local universe required by the Big Bang
theory. We still find normal galaxies, heavy elements, strings
and clusters of galaxies at the further and further shifting
outskirts of the observable universe. The anisotropy of the
cosmic background radiation, the existence of very large-scale
structures, the cosmic anisotropy to electromagnetic wave
propagation are among many observations that contradict Big Bang
expectations. At the same time, non-Big Bang alternatives have
increasingly shown promise to coherently explain the
observations and to predict new phenomena.